OceanColor Banner Image



Validation of Reprocessing Changes

The OBPG has evaluated the impact of reprocessing changes through global and regional time-series analyses and match-ups to in situ data. These tests are generally performed on each incremental change to verify that the results are consistent with expectation, but only the total change is presented here. For further explaination on the validation analyses presented below, please see the documentation on validation analysis methods.

SeaWiFS Level-2 comparision with in situ

The match-up analysis between SeaWiFS Level-2 retrievals and in situ observations from the SeaBASS archive generally show improved agreement in both global and coastal waters. The table below shows mean ratios and median absolute percent differences for chlorophyll and water-leaving radiances at all visible wavelengths, for SeaWiFS Reprocessing 5.2 (R2007) and this latest reprocessing (R2009). Aerosol optical thickness retrievals (not shown) improved significantly relative to ground-based microtops measurements, with mean ratios reduced from 1.4 to 0.9 and median absolute deviations reduced from 43 to 29% in global match-ups. The aerosol improvements are also evident in regional analyses, where aerosol Angstrom exponents in Chesapeake Bay are now in agreement with AERONET measurements. In addition, the Chesapeake Bay analyses highlight the substantially improved agreement relative to in situ chlorophyll measurements for turbid or highly productive waters.


Median Satellite:In Situ Ratio (Median Absolute Percent Difference)
 ChlorophyllLwn 412Lwn 443Lwn 490Lwn 510Lwn 555Lwn 670
Global
R20071.202 (38.25%)0.895 (24.51%)0.906 (19.98%)0.901 (16.58%)0.915 (15.24%)0.911 (17.60%)1.015 (42.30%)
R20090.980 (36.67%)0.953 (21.2%)0.964 (18.23%)0.936 (15.09%)0.940 (16.09%)0.957 (17.07%)1.032 (34.83%)
 
Coastal (< 200 m)
R20071.322 (42.03%)0.824 (33.92%)0.902 (22.43%)0.908 (19.79%)0.936 (15.61%)0.918 (17.16%)0.865 (33.93%)
R20090.994 (38.42%)0.957 (28.07%)1.001 (22.03%)0.963 (16.28%)0.979 (15.30%)0.976 (16.53%)0.981 (34.67%)
 
Offshore (200 - 1000 m)
R20071.122 (36.39%)0.603 (39.96%)0.793 (23.32%)0.838 (17.37%)0.854 (17.14%)0.824 (21.11%)0.706 (48.89%)
R20090.902 (40.22%)0.805 (27.39%)0.898 (19.35%)0.881 (15.48%)0.843 (18.12%)0.840 (22.57%)0.970 (44.02%)
 
Deep Water (> 1000 m)
R20071.012 (30.54%)1.020 (12.57%)0.947 (16.62%)0.922 (13.62%)0.956 (13.80%)0.955 (16.46%)1.683 (79.88%)
R20090.980 (31.58%)0.995 (13.40%)0.947 (14.85%)0.935 (13.64%)0.940 (14.91%)0.999 (15.77%)1.186 (35.44%)
 


SeaWiFS Level-2 Regional Analysis

To assess overall improvement in coastal retrievals, a detailed regional time-series analysis in Chesapeake Bay was performed. Comparison with the previous reprocessing shows a dramatic improvement in chlorophyll retrievals relative to in situ measurements, primarily due to the updated updated correction for non-zero water-leaving radiances in the NIR. The analysis also shows significant improvement in aerosol Angstrom retrievals relative to AERONET measurements, due to the new aerosol models and updated vicarious calibration. The number of negative water-leaving radiance retreivals was substantially reduced, due to a combination of the NIR algorithm update, additional NO2 corrections, and the new aerosol models.



SeaWiFS Level-3 Global Changes

The table below shows the relative change in mission mean retrievals in global deep water for SeaWiFS Reprocessing 5.2 (R2007) and this Reprocessing (R2009.1).


Deep-Water

sr2007 sr2009.1 sr2009.1/sr2007
Prod Mean Std Dev Mean Std Dev Mean Std Dev
chlor_a 0.18510 0.01540 0.17632 0.01447 0.95315 0.03106
Rrs_412 0.01028 0.00038 0.00984 0.00037 0.95778 0.01630
Rrs_443 0.00811 0.00024 0.00795 0.00022 0.98092 0.01224
Rrs_490 0.00580 0.00011 0.00563 0.00010 0.97150 0.00784
Rrs_510 0.00352 0.00007 0.00341 0.00007 0.96657 0.00974
Rrs_555 0.00177 0.00005 0.00169 0.00005 0.95401 0.01537
Rrs_670 0.00029 0.00001 0.00023 0.00002 0.79464 0.04399
tau_865,aot_865 0.11313 0.00516 0.07348 0.00368 0.64947 0.01186
angstrom_510,angstrom 0.35428 0.07055 0.69798 0.07925 2.00500 0.21047

For other regions and water-class subsets, see the complete set of tabulated statistics for SeaWiFS. While mission mean changes are generally less than 5% in water-leaving reflectances and chlorophyll, more significant changes can be seen over the mission life-span. The figures below show the comparion and ratio in global deep-water chlorophyll retrievals as a function of time for the two reprocessings.

The larger changes toward the beginning and end of the mission are due to modifications of the SeaWiFS instrument calibration to improve agreement with on-board calibration sources. This is further illustrated in the figures below, where the temporal anomaly trend in mean chlorophyll and 490-nm remote sensing reflectance for global mesotrophic waters is plotted for each reprocessing. These plots are derived by subtracting the mean seasonal cycle from the total trend.

The chlorophyll anomalies from the R2007 processing showed a rapid rise toward the end of the mission, which is also evident in the 490-nm reflectances. This effect is believed to be an instrument calibration artifact, which was removed in R2009 after revision of the lunar calibration and instrument temperature and commanded-gain recharacterization. Corroborating evidence can be seen in the trends of 555-nm reflectance in oligotrophic waters, as shown below. It is reasonable to expect that trends in Rrs(555) would be flat in clear water, and indeed the R2009 results show the trend to be consistent with zero slope (grey box).



Some of the largest changes we see are in the derived aerosol properties. Due the the new aerosol models and the revised NIR vicarious calibration, both of which are now derived from AERONET observations, the mean Angstrom exponents have effectively doubled between R2007 and R2009. Specifically, the regional Level-3 statistics show mean Angstrom in the South Pacific Gyre and near Hawaii to be 0.5 and 0.65, which is more consistent with AERONET observations at Tahiti and Lanai, respectively (e.g., 0.75 reported by Smirnov et al. 2002). SeaWiFS aerosol optical thickness (AOT) retrievals have generally decreased relative to R2007. The mean Level-3 AOTs at the SPG and Hawaii are also now in better agreement with AERONET.

view detailed analyses



MODIS/Aqua to In Situ Comparisions



MODIS/Aqua Global Changes

The table below shows the relative change in mission mean retrievals in global deep water for SeaWiFSMODIS-Aqua Reprocessing 1.1 (R2005) and this Reprocessing (R2009.1).


Deep-Water

ar2005 ar2009.1 ar2009.1/ar2005
Prod Mean Std Dev Mean Std Dev Mean Std Dev
chlor_a 0.16318 0.01317 0.17257 0.01408 1.05908 0.05682
Rrs_412 0.00989 0.00065 0.01016 0.00043 1.03236 0.08982
Rrs_443 0.00795 0.00024 0.00811 0.00025 1.02125 0.03381
Rrs_488 0.00588 0.00013 0.00583 0.00013 0.99175 0.01071
Rrs_531 0.00246 0.00008 0.00247 0.00006 1.00454 0.01787
Rrs_551,Rrs_547 0.00173 0.00007 0.00186 0.00006 1.07491 0.02146
Rrs_667 0.00016 0.00001 0.00018 0.00001 1.15512 0.06860
tau_869,aot_869 0.11558 0.00554 0.08540 0.00413 0.73897 0.01208
angstrom_531,angstrom 0.27633 0.04186 0.81674 0.06194 2.99618 0.31306

For other regions and water-class subsets, see the complete set of tabulated statistics for MODIS_Aqua. While mission mean changes are generally less than 5% in water-leaving reflectances and chlorophyll, more significant changes can be seen over the mission life-span. The figures below show the comparion and ratio in global deep-water chlorophyll retrievals as a function of time for the two reprocessings.

view detailed analyses



MODIS/Aqua to SeaWiFS Comparisions

The complete time-series comparative analysis between MODIS-Aqua and SeaWiFS, before and after reprocessing, is available at the following links:

before reprocessing
after reprocessing



References

Franz, B.A. (2005). Methods for Assessing the Quality and Consistency of Ocean Color Products
Werdell, P.J., Franz, B.A., Bailey, S.W., Harding, L.W.Jr., and Feldman, G.C. (2007). Approach for the long-term spatial and temporal evaluation of ocean color satellite data products in a coastal environment, Proc. SPIE Earth Observing Systems XII, San Diego, CA., August 2007.
Bailey, S.W. and P.J. Werdell (2006). A multi-sensor approach for the on-orbit validation of ocean color satellite data products, Rem. Sens. Environ. 102, 12-23.



Curator: OceanColor Webmaster

Authorized by: gene carl feldman

NASA logo

Privacy Policy and Important Notices

Updated: 07 May 2010